Frequently asked questions
In this section you will find answers to the most common questions.
What is the Jewish Monument?
The Jewish Monument is an online site that commemorates the over 104,000 Dutch Jews who perished during the Holocaust. Every victim of the Holocaust who was murdered is memorialised on the Jewish Monument with a personal profile.
For and by whom?
The Jewish Monument is part of the Jewish Cultural Quarter.
Its aim is to provide a multilayered view of the Jewish community of the Netherlands before and during the period of World War II (1939-1945). It is a living archive which invites family members, friends, historians, editors and visitors to share and document their memories and stories. Together, we can ensure that the Dutch Jews murdered during the Shoah will always be remembered.
What do I see on the Homepage of this website?
The Homepage combines a listing of every Dutch Jew who perished during the Holocaust with the placing of events against a timeline. Each person is represented by a pixel.
If the visitor clicks on a year, each individual who perished during that period will appear as an orange pixel. Search features allow the visitor to view an individual's personal profile as well as to conduct more general searches.
The timeline aids in the comprehension of the extent of the Shoah. While 1940, for example, displays a small number of orange pixels, 1943 reveals an overwhelming number of orange pixels. The shift from a purple to an orange pixel indicates a life lost.
On the timeline, if the visitor selects recently remembered, any individual's profile which has been recently visited will result in their pixel turning orange. If someone's profile has not been visited recently, the pixel remains purple.
On the timeline, the with a story or pictures option allows the visitors to discover whose profile(s) include a story/picture.
The zoom in + / out - feature button in the right bottom hand corner of the Homepage allows the visitor to view a larger or smaller section of the listing of the victims.
Who is included in the Jewish Monument?
The Jewish Monument includes all Dutch Jews living in the Netherlands who were persecuted and murdered as a consequence of the Nazi occupation during World War II. This includes all Dutch Jews who were deported from the Netherlands and murdered between 10 May 1940 - 8 May 1945. It also includes all those Dutch Jews who died within the Netherlands, either murdered or as a result of natural causes.
It is important to note that the Jewish Monument is not a genealogical site. For more information regarding who is/isn't included in the Monument and why, click here.
What can I do on the Jewish Monument?
You can use the Jewish Monument to browse the constantly updating collection.
The Jewish Monument allows you to search for specific individuals, addresses and commemorations. As a visitor, you can also actively contribute to the Monument by uploading images and documents, writing new stories or completing and restoring familial connections. The Monument also enables you to contactl family members and/or other users of this site.
Go her for more information on how to use this site.
I would like to contribute. How do I create a profile?
You can create your personal profile by clicking on the login/register button at the top right corner of the Homepage. Complete the registration form and you are ready to contribute.
Your first and last names will be visible to other users of this site, however, if you do not feel comfortable, you can also opt for a username instead. We highly recommend that you allow our editors and members of this site permission to contact you via your profile as it can prove is very useful if questions require responses. You can also opt out on this function.
Your email address is not visible to visitors of our site.
More information about privacy.
I already have a profile, but my login failed.
Perhaps you have forgotten your password? Request a new password by selecting forgot my password in the login/sign in window. A new password will be sent to your registered email address.
In the event that this does not work, please contact our editors.
I would like to add to the Jewish Monument; how can this be done?
Please note that you need to first subscribe to our website before your can contribute.
Contributions about a specific individual / address
Go to the profile or address page to which you would like to contribute. Click contribute +. There is a listing of all the contribution options for that specific personal profile or address page.
Placing a call / stories about more than one person / general stories
It is also possible to add stories and images that reference more than one individual; add stories that are more general in context; place a call.
Login and click on my account at the top right corner on the screen. Select add call or add story and complete the relevant options. By filling in +add person, you can connect your story or call to the specific individual listed in the Monument.
Please note that it is important to always connect your story to a person. If you are unable to do so, we kindly request that you contact our editors.
More information about usage and contributions.
Will the editors check my contribution before it is published?
No, all contributions will be published immediately.
Our editors do regularly check on recently added stories and images. If these contributions contain new or additional information regarding the source data of a victim, we will make sure to validate this information and adjust as required. You will always be informed if this has been done.
Additions from either users or editors are easily recognised. Our editors reserve the right to alter or delete any material deemed unsuitable for this site.
Please read our disclaimer.
Can everyone view my contributions?
As a contributor, you can decide whether all visitors can view your added material or only those logged-in members with a personal profile. The default option is all visitors.
Visitors are invited to either login or create a new profile in order to access a 'non-visible' page.
Who holds the rights to added material and stories?
It is important to differentiate between material from other authors and photographers and the text and images which are created by the user him/herself.
The photographer or author should be credited as such. The person who the story is ‘about’ or who is shown ‘in’ the image can be mentioned as an actor.
The user's personal data remains confidential. All information that is published on the website is subject to Dutch law's privacy legislation. With reference to the use of nominative data, we will follow the guidelines as provided by the “college bescherming persoonsgegevens” (executive protection law).
Please see our disclaimer and privacy statements.
Why are the survivors listed anonymously?
Article 16 under the Netherland's executive protection law determines that personal data, which is collected under one denominator, such as one population group (e.g. ethnicity), is counted as ”bijzondere persoonsgegevens” (special personal information). Therefore extremely strict regulations apply. The Jewish Monument is permitted to use and show the data for all of those who perished as a result of persecution, however, we are not allowed to disclose any of the survivors' personal data.
Why does some some family information seem incomplete?
Information regarding family is collected from several sources, mainly the register lists. It is not uncommon for this information to be incomplete; for example, family members who happened not to be present at an address when a census was conducted.
Incomplete information regarding a family can be amended and relevant family members and relationships added.
Additional information regarding our resources and data selection.
Is the Jewish Monument able to disclose additional personal data of either victims or survivors of the Holocaust?
Our editors are not allowed to provide information other than that which is publicised on our website. For additional information, we refer visitors to the NIOD, the Red Cross (War Aftercare Department) the "Oorlogsgravenstichting" and the remembrance centres of the former concentration camps at Westerbork, Amersfoort and Vught and other partner institutions.
Is it possible to view ‘Jokos' Files or ‘Liro’ cards?
These cards and files contain sensitive personal data and are therefore not freely accessible. Jokos dossiers can be requested via a subscription form of the ‘JMW’ (Joods Welzijn). Upon registration, you will be invited to browse the documents available on the site. The Liro cards are part of the National Archive in Den Haag. Authorisation needs to be granted by the institution.
I would like to donate physical objects dating back to the Second World War.
If the objects relate to Jews living in the Netherlands during the Second World War, the items could be included in the collection of the Jewish Cultural Quarter or the National Holocaust Museum.
Regarding photographs and documents, please contact our Mediatheek (tel: +31 20-5310320); for physical objects, please contact our Collection Management Department (tel + 31 20-5310387).
For items that relate to other countries or historical periods we can advise you as to other partner organisations.