Heinrich Himmler was head of the SS and of all subordinate police and espionage units and concentration and extermination camps.

This made Himmler responsible for enforcing Nazi ideology with respect to racial purification. In late 1941 the Endlösung (final solution) was adopted. Himmler assigned Reinhard Heydrich to execute this plan. Himmler was one of Hitler‘s chief advisors.

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