During the war, the headquarters of several German police units were established in some former school buildings in Euterpestraat, in the south district of Amsterdam. The street became notorious for the ruthlessness with which detainees were interrogated and ill-treated there.
Also located here were the offices of the Zentralstelle für jüdische Auswanderung ('Central Office for Jewish Emigration') and Department IV B 4. Both these organizations were in charge of arranging the deportation of Jews from the Netherlands. After the war, this street was renamed Gerrit van der Veenstraat, after the famous resistance fighter, who was held here.
See the explanatory notes under the heading: Gerrit van der Veen.